Maven & Jenkins with Selenium: Complete Tutorial

What is Jenkins?

Jenkins is the leading open-source continuous integration tool developed by Hudson lab. It is cross-platform and can be used on Windows, Linux, Mac OS and Solaris environments. Jenkins is written in Java. Jenkin's chief usage is to monitor any job which can be SVN checkout, cron or any application states. It fires pre-configured actions when a particular step occurs in jobs.

In this tutorial, we will learn

Important Features of Jenkins

Important Features of Jenkins

  • Why Jenkins and Selenium?
  • Steps to use install Maven and use it with TestNG Selenium
  • Steps to Install Jenkins and configure it to Run Maven with TestNg Selenium
  • Scheduling Jenkins for automatic execution.
  • Jenkins with TestNg
  • Benefits of Jenkins

Important Features of Jenkins

  • Change Support: Jenkins generates the list of all changes done in repositories like SVN.
  • Permanent links: Jenkins provides direct links to the latest build or failed build that can be used for easy communication
  • Installation: Jenkins is easy to install either using direct installation file (exe) or war file to deploy using application server.
  • Email integration: Jenkins can be configured to email the content of the status of the build.
  • Easy Configuration: To configure various tasks on Jenkins is easy.
  • TestNG test: Jenkins can be configured to run the automation test build on TestNG after each build of SVN.
  • Multiple VMs: Jenkins can be configured to distribute the build on multiple machines.
  • Project build: Jenkins documents the details of jar, version of jar and mapping of build and jar numbers.
  • Plugins: 3rd party plugin can be configured in Jenkins to use features and additional functionality.

Why Jenkins and Selenium?

  • Running Selenium tests in Jenkins allows you to run your tests every time your software changes and deploy the software to a new environment when the tests pass.
  • Jenkins can schedule your tests to run at specific time.
  • You can save the execution history and Test Reports.
  • Jenkins supports Maven for building and testing a project in continuous integration.

Why Maven & Jenkins

Selenium WebDriver is great for browser automation. But, when using it for testing and building a test framework, it feels underpowered. Integrating Maven with Selenium provides following benefits
Apache Maven provides support for managing the full lifecycle of a test project.

  • Maven is used to define project structure, dependencies, build, and test management.
  • Using pom.xml(Maven) you can configure dependencies needed for building testing and running code.
  • Maven automatically downloads the necessary files from the repository while building the project.

Steps to use install Maven and use it with TestNG Selenium

For this tutorial, we will use Eclipse (Juno) IDE for Java Developers to set up Selenium WebDriver Project. Additionally, we need add m2eclipse plugin to Eclipse to facilitate the build process and create pom.xml file.
Let's add m2eclipse plugin to Eclipse with following steps:

Step1) In Eclipse IDE, select Help | Install New Software from Eclipse Main Menu.

Step 2) On the Install dialog, select Work with and m2e plugin as shown in the following screenshot:

Step 3)Click on Next button and finish installation.

Configure Eclipse with Maven

With m2e plugin is installed, we now need create Maven project.

Step 1) In Eclipse IDE, create a new project by selecting File | New | Other from Eclipse menu.

Step 2) On the New dialog, select Maven | Maven Project and click Next

Step 3) On the New Maven Project dialog select the Create a simple project and click Next

Step 4) Enter WebdriverTest in Group Id: and Artifact Id: and click finish

Step 5) Eclipse will create WebdriverTest with following structure:

Step 6) Right-click on JRE System Library and select the Properties option from the menu.

On the Properties for JRE System Library dialog box, make sure Workspace default JRE is selected and click OK

Step 7). Select pom.xml from Project Explorer..

 

 

pom.xml file will Open in Editor section

Step 8).Add the Selenium and TestNG, JUnit dependencies to pom.xml in the <project> node:

	<dependencies>			
        <dependency>				
             <groupId>junit</groupId>								
             <artifactId>junit</artifactId>								
             <version>3.8.1</version>								
             <scope>test</scope>								
        </dependency>				
        <dependency>				
            <groupId>org.seleniumhq.selenium</groupId>								
            <artifactId>selenium-java</artifactId>								
            <version>2.45.0</version>								
		</dependency>				
        <dependency>				
            <groupId>org.testng</groupId>								
            <artifactId>testng</artifactId>								
            <version>6.8</version>								
            <scope>test</scope>							  			
       </dependency>				
</dependencies>

Step 9) Create a New TestNG Class. Enter Package name as "example" and "NewTest" in the Name: textbox and click on the Finish button as shown in the following screenshot:

Step 10). Eclipse will create the NewTest class as shown in the following screenshot:

Step 11) Add the following code to the NewTest class:

This code will verify the title of Guru99 Selenium Page

package example;		

import org.openqa.selenium.By;		
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;		
import org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxDriver;		
import org.testng.Assert;		
import org.testng.annotations.Test;	
import org.testng.annotations.BeforeTest;	
import org.testng.annotations.AfterTest;		
public class NewTest {		
	    private WebDriver driver;		
		@Test				
		public void testEasy() {	
			driver.get("http://www.guru99.com/selenium-tutorial.html");  
			String title = driver.getTitle();				 
			Assert.assertTrue(title.contains("Free Selenium Tutorials")); 		
		}	
		@BeforeTest
		public void beforeTest() {	
		    driver = new FirefoxDriver();  
		}		
		@AfterTest
		public void afterTest() {
			driver.quit();			
		}		
}	

Step 12) Right-click on the WebdriverTest and select TestNG | Convert to TestNG.
Eclipse will create testng.xml which says that you need to run only one test with the name NewTest as shown in the following screenshot:

Update the project and make sure that file appears in the tree Package Explorer (right click on the project - Refresh).

Step 13) Now you need to run test through this testng.xml.

So, go to the Run Configurations and create a new launch TestNG, select the project and field Suite as testng.xml and click Run

Make sure that build finished successfully.

Step 14). Additionally, we need to add

  1. maven-compiler-plugin
  2. maven-surefire-plugin
  3. testng.xml

to pom.xml.

The maven-surefire-plugin is used to configure and execute tests. Here plugin is used to configure the testing.xml for TestNG test and generate test reports.

The maven-compiler-plugin is used to help in compiling the code and using the particular JDK version for compilation. Add all dependencies in the following code snippet, to pom.xml in the <plugin> node:

Step 15) To run the tests in the Maven lifecycle, Right-click on the WebdriverTest and select Run As | Maven test. Maven will execute test from the project.

Make sure that build finished successfully.

Steps to Install Jenkins and configure it to Run Maven with TestNg Selenium

Installation

Step 1) Go to http://jenkins-ci.org/and download correct package for your OS. Install Jenkins.

Step 2) Unzip Jenkins to specified folder. Run exe file as shown in following screenshot:

Step 3) In Jenkins 1.607 Setup window click on Next button.

Step 4) Click on Install button in the end.

Step 5) Once installation is done, navigate to the Jenkins Dashboard (http://localhost:8080 by default) in the browser window.

Step 6) Click on the New Item link to create a CI job.

Step 7) Select the Maven project radio button as shown in the following screenshot:

Using the Build a Maven Project option, Jenkins supports building and testing Maven projects.

Step 6) Click on OK button. A new job with name "WebdriverTest" is created in Jenkins Dashboard.

Step 7) Go to Manage Jenkins => Configure System as shown in the following screenshot.

Click on JDK installations and configure JDK as in the following screenshot:

Step 8) Go to the Build section of new job.

  • In the Root POM textbox, enter full path to pom.xml
  • In Goals and options section, enter "clean test"

Step 9) Click on Apply button.

Step 10) On the WebdriverTest project page, click on the Build Now link.

Maven will build the project. It will then have TestNG execute the test cases.

Step 11) Once the build process is completed, in Jenkins Dashboard click on the WebdriverTest project

Step 12) The WebdriverTest project page displays the build history and links to the results as shown in the following screenshot:

Step 13) Click on the "Latest Test Result" link to view the test results as shown in the following screenshot:

Step 14). Select specific build, and you will see the current status by clicking on "console output".

Scheduling Jenkins for automatic execution.

Scheduling builds(Selenium Tests) is one of the important features of Jenkins where it automatically triggers the build, based on defined criteria. Jenkins provides multiple ways to trigger the build process under the Build Trigger configuration.

For example:
Enter 0 23 * * * in the Schedule textbox as shown in the following screenshot. This will trigger the build process every day at 11 p.m.

Using Jenkings without Maven

To run pure TestNg script in Jenkins, enter the following in build

D:>java -cp "Pathtolibfolder\lib\*;Pathtobinfolder\bin" org.testng.TestNG testng.xml

  • Click on Save button.
  • Note: The actual path of lib and bin folder need to add in above command.
  • After saving the command, Jenkins will build project in predefined time, and this command will be run using TestNG.
  • Result will be stored in custom report HTML file that can be sent via email with a Jenkin configuration
  • Output of the code will be

Benefits of using Jenkins

  1. Early issue finding – Bug can be detected in early phase of the software development
  2. Automatic integration – no separate effort required to integrate all changes
  3. Installer – a deployable system available at any point of development
  4. Records – part build records maintained
  5. Support and Plugins: One of the reasons for Jenkin's popularity is the availability of large community support. Also, lots of ready-made plugins are available which help you expand its functionality.

comments powered by Disqus
Search

Feedback

Your Feedback & Ideas are very important to us. Please share your suggestions here